山西自考网 发布时间:2012年09月27日


Lesson 13 work

  1. Exceedingly irksome a. exceeding extraordinary or exceptional exceedingly extremely 极其。 b. irksome irk to annoy esp. in a provoking or tedious way 令人讨厌。 如: It irks ane to do such tedious work. 做这样无聊的工作让我相一致感到厌烦 . irksome tending to irk 令人厌倦的,厌烦的。 -some . 加在名词,动词或形容词上构成形容词。另如: lonesome 孤独的,冷落的; quarrelsome 受吵架的; troublesome 麻烦的; wearisome 使人疲劳的,令人厌烦的。

  2. an excess of work… excess more than or above what is necessary 超过部分,过多。如: You should pay for the excess. 你应该支付超过部分。 Excess of sorrow laughs excess of joy weeps. 悲极而笑,喜极而泣。 an excess of anger / an excess of enthusiasm 极其愤怒/热情。carry something to excess 把事情做得过火。 in excess of 超过。如: He spent in excess of his income. 他过度奢侈,入不敷出。

  3. provided that): conj. if and only if on condition that. 如果,只要。如: Provided that there is no opposition we shall proceed to carry out the plan. 如果没有反对,我们就开始执行计划。 Provided you pay him he will take the work. 如果你给他钱,他会干那活。

  4. mere relief of tedium relief feeling of comfort at the ending of anxiety fear or pain 放松。如:What a relief 心里多么放松啊! relief of pain /anxiety 缓解痛楚/紧张。

  5. at a loss bewildered or uncertain 不知所措。如: For a moment I was at a loss. 有一阵子我不知所措。He was at a loss for an explanation of the affair. 他不知道该如何解释那件事。We are at a loss to understand his motive. 我们对于他的动机一点也不能理解。

  6. drudgery :苦工 drudge a person who does menial dull or hard work. 勤苦地做单调乏味的苦工的人。

  7.sensations Widespread excitement or interest. 轰动。

  8. first and foremost 首先,最主要的。如:Though he has written many books he's first and foremost a poet. 尽管他写过几本书,他首先是个诗人。 First and foremost we must have freedom. 最重要的是同我们必须有自由。

  9. impair to make worse damage 损害。如:His reputation was impaired by his mistakes. 他的声誉受到他的错误的损害。His excessive work impaired his health. 他过度的工作损害了他的健康。

  10. Procure obtain sth. by careful attention or effort 获得。如: He procured me employment. 他为我谋得一份工作。

  11.at large (放在名词后面) as a whole 整个的,一般的。如: Boys at large like sports.男孩一般喜爱运动。 the public at large 社会大众。

  12. In the long run in the end. 从长远来说,最后。如: in long run you have to pay the price for your follies.你最终要为你的愚蠢付出代价。 You will benefit in the long run. 你最终会受益。

  13.has acquired his maximum skill maximum being the highest amount value or degree that can be reached 最大限度。如: My maximum is 240. 我最高记录是240分。 He smokes a maximum of 30 cigarettes a day. 他最多一天抽30根香烟。 My salary is not at its maximum yet. 我的工资还未到最高水平。 It requires your maximum effort. 这件事要求你做出最大努力。 maximize :最大化。 如: maximize one's potential / profits 最大限度发挥潜力/获得利益。 反义词: minimum 最少。 如:It requires a minimum of five day’s work.这最少需要五天工作。 a minimum of temperature / wage / height 最低气温/工资/身高。 Minimize the consequences / the risks. / the formalities 将后果/风险/手续减到最少。

  14.at any rate in any event in any case 不管怎样。如:I will leave him alone at any rate. 无论如何,我不会理他。

  15.apt likely having a tendency 常会,容易(有某种倾向)。如:A careless person is apt to make mistakes. 粗心的人容易犯错误。




Lesson Fourteen I would like to tell you something

  1.testify to give or provide evidence about something 证明。I'll testify to his exceptional ability. How can you testify to the reliability of the wit ness vt. His words testify his reluctance to help me. His tears testified his grief. vi. State or declare under oath usually in court 作证。 n. testimony bearbe testimony of 表明。 Winning the scholarship is testimony of intelligence.

  2. be tantamount t adj. equivalent in effect or meaning (实质上)等于,相当于。如:His answer is tantamount to a refusal.

  3. Rampant growing or spreading steadily and without stopping widespread a rampant rumor disease

  4.take…lying down 甘心接受(不愉快情况)。如: He took the defeat lying down. I cannot take that insult lying down.

  5.not give a damn 一点不在乎。 I don't give a damn what they say. 我一点也不在乎他们说什么。

  6.what if…假使……又怎样 What will happen if… What if he fails to help us What if they should be in love

  7.in terms of with regard to concerning ……。来说,从……角度。如:In terms of salary the job is guite good. In terms of natural resources it is one of the richest countries in the world.

  8. Want n. lack absence or need often in the phr. for/from want of 由于缺乏。如:The plants died for/from want of water.

  9. Spuander spend foolishly use up waste fully.

  Lesson Fifteen the Beauty Industry

  1. substantially to a large degree 大体上,基本上。如:Their opinions are substantially the same. His criticism is substantially correct.

  2. Prodigious a. extraordinary in size amount and etc. 巨大的,莫大的。Prodigal a. 浪费的,挥霍的,放荡的。

  3. cult of beauty 对美的崇拜 the cult of surfing 冲浪狂 the personality cult 个人崇拜

  4. Retrench to reduce or diminish esp. so as to economize 减少,节省。如:The company began to retrench its work force.

  5. be preoccupied with 专注于,有心事,如:When he is preoccupied with his hobby he is oblivious of what is going on around him. They were preoccupied with their thoughts.

  6. intrinsically——intrinsic belonging to or being part of a thing by its value 本来具有的,固有的。如:intrinsic value 内在价值 intrinsic energy 内能。


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